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Course: Sports Psychology
- Sports Psychology is the study of people and their behavior in sports and excercise related activities and the practical application of that knowledge.
- So basically two of the goals of sports psychology are to study how psychological factors influence an athletes performance and how playing sports affects the psychological and overall well-being of an individual.
- Sports Psychology covers a wide population from children to senior citizens and people of all athletic levels. So anyone from a beginning athlete to a Olympic gold medalist can benefit from learning and applying sports psychology!
- Sports psychology is based largely on real scientific facts and evidence however, there is an art to it as well (some people can really get into the mind of athletes and exercises in order to help them perform at their best regardless of what level they’re currently at.
- The psychological state of an athlete can have a great impact on their performance. (The professor made an interesting statement by saying that at the Olympic level two athletes who are competing against each other have a similar skill level and they’ve both trained very well yet one wins. Sports psychology teaches us that perhaps rather than skill the winner can have other factors such as confidence, high self esteem. On the contrary perhaps the one that lost was stressed or had some sort of anxiety!
- In Sports Psychology motivation is one of the keys to becoming a successful athlete. Motivation can be defined as the direction and intensity of effort.
- Motivation is very helpful in both learning and performance areas goals. The most successful people are those who are intrinsically motivated and continue to work hard towards reaching their goals.
- Part of being successful comes from setting up reasonable long term goals and being motivated to work towards those goals.
- Course: Creativity
- Researchers and psychologists distinguish between two different types of thinking, convergent and divergent thinking. Convergent thinking comes up with one answer for a question like “What’s the capital of New Mexico?” Divergent thinking encourages coming up with more than one possible solution for example, for a question like “Make a list of all tall objects?” Divergent thinking leads to creativity.
- One of the main questions researchers in the field of creativity asked themselves is whether or not there is some sort of relationship between general intelligence of of an individual (as measured by their performance on IQ test) and the level of their creativity. The researchers came to the conclusion that there is no particular relationship between creativity and intelligence. In other words the smartest people are not necessarily the most creative people. On the other side the most creative people in the world are not neccasrily the most creative.
- Another interesting fact that researchers have learned is that compared to those with a high intelligence those with more creativity are more likely to be successful in many different areas of their lives.
- Many people think of the time period of adolescence as being our teenage years. However there is actually no set time period for adolescence. Adolescence starts from the first signs of puberty and there is no set ending period of adolescence.
- In this day and age children are reaching puberty and becoming adolescence at a younger age and the period of adolescence can last well into the 20’s.Badically adolescence can last longer for some than for others.